June 2020


‘Pandemic’ has become a word that is popping up in every conversation around us. And one of the pandemics that took thousands of lives was cholera. Now cholera is just a disease that can be cured. But back in the 80s we once believed that the disease used to spread through a cloud in a specific area.

Yes, this happened in the late 1850s in London when the outbreak of Cholera happened which killed around 14,000 people in a town. Back then people used to believe that cholera used to spread to people through the cloud which they described as miasma theory. But when the research was conducted. It was observed that people who were affected by cholera were the people who regularly used some specific water pumps in their area. Back then, there were water pumps like petrol pumps in each sector because people back then used to not get water directly to their homes. When the research was conducted after the death of an infant due to cholera and found that, the cholera was not spreading through miasma (cloud) but through the pipelines of the water pumps. The root of the problem that caused thousands of death was a poorly designed sewer system. Cholera started to spread when the diaper of the infant was washed and the water was flushed to the sewer system. Then from the sewer system pipeline, the water started to leak in the well of the water pump. Also, a well-studied map showed that a sewage pipe ran very close to the pipe that carried drinking water to the pump in that town. The malfunction of the sewage system had costed the lives of many and had left the country in fear. The study was conducted by a well-known physician John Snow.

Even though Cholera is not a big threat today, there are many sicknesses that are directly related to a poor drainage system. Water waste is dangerous to human health and hazardous to the environment as it contains feces and urine of both humans and animals. They carry many diseases causing organisms.they also contain harmful chemicals and heavy metals.

Contaminated water can cause diseases like typhoid, paratyphoid, bacillary dysentery, gastroenteritis, and Cholera. Stomach infection and intestinal tract infection are very common and have symptoms like abdominal cramps, fever, nausea, and headaches.severe dehydration can cause death sometimes within a day. In such conditions, PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE is the mantra that we should follow. The above health hazards can be prevented by taking some Maintainance measures seriously. Getting our drainage cleared and keeping a check on leakages and seepage can help in achieving a healthy surrounding for us and our family.

The list of devices that have received MIUI 12 has reached 15. A comprehensive list outlines which models have so far been upgraded to Xiaomi’s latest OS, which continues to be based on Android 10, and on which branches of MIUI.

Xiaomi continues to plough on with releasing MIUI 12, with the company still on Round 1 of its release schedule. With Round 2 fast approaching, Piunikaweb has prepared a table of all the devices that have received MIUI 12 so far. Piunikaweb has used “N/A” for the regions where Xiaomi has not released certain devices. The list only includes stable builds of MIUI 12 too, although Xiaomi now maintains a beta program for just the China branch of MIUI.

Mi 10ReleasedComing soonComing soonComing soonN/AN/A
Mi 10 ProReleasedN/AN/AComing soonN/AN/A
Mi 10 Lite ZoomReleasedN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Mi 9ReleasedReleased (Pilot)N/AReleasedN/AComing soon
Mi 9 Pro 5GReleasedN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Mi 9TN/AReleasedN/AComing soonN/AComing soon
Mi 9T ProN/AReleasedN/ADelayedN/AComing soon
Redmi K20ReleasedN/AReleasedN/AN/AN/A
Redmi K20 ProReleasedN/AReleased (Pilot)N/AN/AN/A
Redmi K30 5GReleasedN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Redmi K30 Pro ZoomReleasedN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Redmi K30 4GReleasedN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Mi 9 Transparent/Explorer EditionReleasedN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Mi 10 Lite (Youth Edition)ReleasedN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Redmi K30 5G Racing EditionReleasedN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A

Round 2 of Xiaomi’s release schedule is when the bulk of devices will receive MIUI 12. Some of the devices set to receive MIUI 12 in Round 2 are the Redmi Note 7 and Note 8 series, along with the Pocophone F1 and POCO F2 Pro. Strictly speaking, Xiaomi started Round 2 when it released MIUI 12 to the Mi 10, Mi 10 Pro, and Mi 10 Lite, but it still maintains that it is on Round 1.

For the military, which thwarted Chinese advances in the Galwan valley, the challenge is to check them without things escalating into uncontrolled violent face-offs. The political questions have also constrained the government’s room for manoeuvre.

Hi there,

It’s a fortnight since the violent face-off between the Indian Army and Chinese forces at the Galwan valley in Ladakh created ripples in the bilateral relations between the two countries.

Since then, there has been interaction between the foreign ministers (June 17), at the Corps Commander level (June 22), and in the Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC) (June 24). Additionally, there have been several statements from New Delhi and Beijing since then. Both sides have seemed to be talking at each other instead of talking to each other.

No wonder, not only has the military stand-off continued, but both sides have also firmed up their military build-up along the LAC in Ladakh. This is a clear indication of the trust deficit between the two sides.

The only redeeming development has been the absence of another violent face-off in the last fortnight. This, however, is no guarantee of none in future. More so, when the forces on both sides are engaged in a virtual eyeball-to-eyeball confrontation with at least four friction points – Pangong TsoGalwan Valley, Hot Spring and Depsang.

Not only will these four friction points remain in public conversation during the coming days, there is also a risk of new friction points getting added to the conversation by one side or the other. Consequently, the military will continue building up along the LAC, while the diplomats will keep exploring options to defuse the situation.

ExplainSpeaking: Why in a crisis we need to look at absolute level of GDP more than growth rates

For the military, which thwarted Chinese advances in the Galway valley, the challenge is to check them without things escalating into uncontrolled violent face-offs. Politically, the funerals across the country have brought the stand-off close to the domestic audience. The political questions have also constrained the government’s room for maneuver. So expect more mud-signing between the BJP and opposition Congress, even as other parties watch from the fringes.

Corporation sector workers being trained in COVID-19 prevention management at Corporation office in Madipakkam on June 28, 2020 | Photo Credit: S. R. Raghunathan.

More than 10 million cases of the new coronavirus have been officially declared around the world, half of them in Europe and the United States.

A record single-day spike in COVID-19 cases was reported in several states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and West Bengal as the country-wide tally rose by nearly 20,000 on Sunday. More than 10 million cases of the new coronavirus have been officially declared around the world, half of them in Europe and the United States.

Read more: Community spread is on, says Karnataka official

Here is a list of State Helpline numbers. You can track coronavirus cases, deaths, and testing rates at the national and State levels here.

NEW DELHI: The recent strife in ties with Kathmandu

 has foregrounded again India’s old fault lines with Nepal PM K P Oli. Faced with dissension in the ruling communist party, Oli Sunday accused Indian authorities, including the Indian embassy, of plotting his ouster.

Oli was Sunday quoted as having said that conspiracies were being hatched to ensure his removal after he released Nepal’s new map which shows territories in India’s Uttarakhand

 state as belonging to Nepal.

“Given the ongoing intellectual discussions, media reports from New Delhi, embassy’s activities and meetings at different hotels in Kathmandu, it is not very difficult to understand how people are openly active to oust me. But they won’t succeed,” he was quoted as saying by Kathmandu Post.

Oli’s remarks, and an apparent nationalist stance, come at a time his position is being seen as “shaky” because of factionalism in the ruling party and his rival and former PM P K Dahal Prachanda

 coming out against the PM’s alleged autocratic style of functioning.

Indian officials refused to comment on Oli’s remarks. A source reiterated through India’s position that Nepal was a valued neighbor and that the focus was on ensuring supplies of essentials to Nepal in the middle of the Covid-19 crisis remained unaffected.

India was accused of having a role in Oli’s downfall in August, 2016, too when his first term as PM, which lasted only for 9 months, ended. Oli’s ouster was seen as a serious setback for China as he had worked actively as PM to reduce Nepal’s economic dependence on India by signing trade and energy agreements with China.

Oli’s first term as PM, as many is Nepal still believe, was also marred by India’s alleged 2015-16 economic blockade which caused hardships to Nepali people.

As Oli has himself said in the past, the period of late 2015 and early 2016 was a difficult time in Nepal-India relations as Nepali people had to face “immeasurable hardships” after essential supply lines were cut off. However, in an interview to ToI after taking over as PM again in 2018, he seemed ready to move on as he said learning lessons for future was more crucial than being stuck with the past.

While Oli also said he wanted a trust-based relationship that reflected the realities of the 21st century, his move to issue a new Nepal map and “hurriedly” get it validated by Parliament has only exacerbated fears of a pro-China tilt in his foreign and economic policies. The government believes that China will be happy to see the back of India at the Lipulekh Pass which is strategically located near the India-Nepal-China tri-junction and which is controlled by Indian forces. Indian army chief M M Naravane has already said that Nepal’s move might have been at the behest of a third country.

In a recent note to the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) has said that Hong Kong and Chinese Customs were holding back export consignments from India over the last few days.

CLOSE ON the heels of consignments from China reportedly facing customs hurdles at a number of ports, Indian exporters have begun reporting similar issues with their shipments to the neighbouring country.

In a recent note to the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO), which is the apex body of export promotion councils, has said that Hong Kong and Chinese Customs were holding back export consignments from India over the last few days.

This comes at a time when relations between India and China have soured following a deadly clash between their troops in Ladakh earlier this month.

Explained | Why shipments from China are stuck at Indian ports

According to the representation made by FIEO, a copy of which The Indian Express has seen, some exporters have reported facing hurdles with their shipments to China. An exporter in the know said a majority of the shipments stuck for clearance at China and Hong Kong include organic chemicals.


Escalation of trade skirmishes

At around $15.5 billion, China was third largest destination for Indian shipments between April 2019 and February 2020. The exporters’ complaints coincide with reports of Chinese consignments being stuck at Indian ports.

“We have been given to understand that Customs is physically examining all imports from China, which is delaying clearance, adding to the cost of imports. While we have been told there is no official communication, but the examination is leading to piling of imports as reported in many newspapers,” stated the body in its representation.

“Some exporters have informed that, in response to such action, Hong Kong and Chinese Customs are also holding back export consignments from India,” it said.

The body has requested the ministry to take up the matter of delayed clearances at ports in India with the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) and issue a denial if no instructions had been given to customs authorities here.

Separately in a CII-organised ‘e-conference on leveraging e-SANCHIT for stronger single window system’, CBIC Chairman M Ajit Kumar said the department was trying to ensure bringing the down time for clearances so that prices come down and the goods become more competitive in the international market.

The National People’s Party (NPP) chief Conrad Sangma Thursday said that his party will continue to support the BJP-led coalition government in Manipur.

The announcement came a day after the NPP delegation led by Sangma met Union Home Minister Amit Shah and BJP national president J P Nadda in New Delhi.

Sangma along with four NPP MLAs and North-East Democratic Alliance (NEDA) convener Himanta Biswa Sarma arrived in Imphal today on a special chartered flight.

Speaking to reporters at Imphal’s Bir Tikendrajit International Airport, Sangma said that the decision to extend its support back to the BJP led coalition government was taken after assurance given by the BJP leaders that all their issues and grievances will be taken care of.

“We had a meeting with the BJP president and Union Home Minister Amit Shah where we expressed our grievances in detail as a party in the alliance. The two central leaders gave us an assurance that all the issues and grievances will be addressed and taken care of at their personal level which is why NPP has decided to withdraw our resignations and to continue to support the BJP government,” Sangma said.

Sangma further asserted that the BJP leaders also assured of establishing direct contact with his party and to look into the affairs in Manipur personally.

Last Wednesday, four NPP MLAs (including three ministers) had withdrawn their support to the N Biren Singh-led government. According to the party, the decision to leave the coalition was due to the “authoritarian style” functioning of the BJP government and that it (NPP) was left out from the major decision-making process of the government among others. Joining the NPP were lone TMC MLA and also an Independent MLA.

The NPP chief said that all the four NPP MLAs will continue as ministers in the BJP government but with some changes in the portfolios.

From the Airport, the NPP team and NEDA convener headed straight to the official residence of the Governor of Manipur. The team submitted a letter informing the Governor that they had withdrawn support to the Secular Progress Front (SPF) and extended their support back to the BJP-led coalition government.

SPF is an alliance of the opposition parties led by the Congress, forged after nine MLAs walked out from the N. Biren Singh Ministry. Initially, SPF comprised four NPP MLAs, one TMC MLA, an Independent MLA, three BJP MLAs who had defected to Congress party. After the disqualification of three defected BJP MLAs, lone TMC MLA and U-turn made by the NPP, the SPF current strength has been reduced to 21 Congress, one Independent MLA.

After the meeting with the Governor, the Sangma-led team also met Manipur Chief Minister N. Biren Singh. But, what transpired during the meeting is not clear till the time of filing this report.

A joint team of state police, Indian Army’s 42 Rashtriya Rifles and Central Police Reserve Force (CRPF) had launched a cordon and search operation on specific information about the presence of terrorists in Chewa Ullar area of Tral .

An unidentified terrorist has been killed by security forces in an ongoing gun battle in Tral area of south Kashmir’s Awantipora police district, police said on Friday.

Officials said the encounter had erupted in Chewa Ullar area of Tral on Thursday evening.

“So far 01 #unidentified #terrorist killed. Operation going on. Further details shall follow,” the police tweeted.

A joint team of state police, Indian Army’s 42 Rashtriya Rifles and Central Police Reserve Force (CRPF) had launched a cordon and search operation on specific information about the presence of terrorists in the area.

Officials had said that as the joint team of forces approached, the hiding terrorists fired upon them which was retaliated and triggered an encounter.

Security forces have stepped up the offensive in the Kashmir Valley and killed more than 100 terrorists in operations since the beginning of this year.

Several of these encounters have taken place in south Kashmir, which is considered the hotbed of militancy in the region.

NEW DELHI: Regular train services including mail, express, passenger and TOI on Wednesday had first reported that the national transport was likely to resume the earlier regular passenger train service.

In its order, the railway board has referred to the coaching directorate’s message and has instructed all zones to automation.

In its order, the railway board has referred to the coaching. Though the railway ministry has repeatedly said more trains In its order, the railway board has referred to the coaching. Currently, the Indian Railways is running on.

As the Central and state governments allow phase-wise relaxation in curbs to get the life up and running again following over two months of lockdown prevents spread of COVID-19 we bring you the latest updates from Mumbai.

Update at 11.02pm: Kamathipura, beginning, during March and April, as the number of patients .

*Update at 9.51 pm: Covid-19 deaths added to Maharashtra ‘s tally taking the. The growth rate of coronavirus cases in Mumbai is decreasing. Mumbai’s Dharavi records 11 Covid-19 positive cases on Thurs.

*CM Uddhav Thackeray has written to PM Narendra Modi request.BMC has again changed its discharge policy and decided.